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Family of Dallas Ebola Patient Who Died Upset over ‘Unfair’ Treatment

Family of Dallas Ebola Patient Who Died Upset over ‘Unfair’ Treatment

iStock/Thinkstock(DALLAS) -- The family of the first person to die of Ebola in the U.S. is upset with the patient’s medical care, and called his treatment "unfair."Thomas Eric Duncan, who is from Liberia, died Wednesday after being infected with the Ebola virus. He had been in isolation at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas, since his diagnosis on Sept. 28.Duncan’s nephew Joe Weeks told ABC News he felt Duncan had “unfair” medical treatment. Weeks suggested that Duncan did not get the same treatment being given to Ebola patient Ashoka Mukpo in a Nebraska hospital, although he did not detail that alleged difference.He said the family questioned why Duncan was not moved to Emory University Hospital, where two American health workers were successfully treated after becoming infected with Ebola in Liberia.“No one has died of Ebola in the U.S. before. This is the first time,” Weeks told ABC News. “We need all the help we can get.”Weeks said hospital officials told the family they had all the experience needed to treat Duncan.Weeks also said the family was frustrated that Duncan was not given donated blood from Ebola survivors. Weeks said hospital officials told the family "that the blood wasn’t a match."Two other Ebola patients being treated in the U.S. were given donated blood from Ebola survivor Dr. Kent Brantly, in the hopes that Ebola antibodies can be passed on from the donor to the patient.There is no confirmed treatment for Ebola and blood donation from Ebola survivors is one approach recommended by the World Health Organization.Although Weeks told ABC News he was unhappy with medical treatment, other relatives thanked the local community for their support.Louise Troh, the mother of Duncan’s teenage son and the woman referred to as his wife by family members, released a statement thanking Dallas and local community leaders for their help during this ordeal.“Without their help, I can’t imagine how we could have endured,” wrote Troh.But Troh also said she trusts that "a thorough examination will take place" into Duncan's care.Troh’s son with Duncan, Karsiah Duncan, 19, had been hoping to see his father, but was unable to see him in the isolation ward before he died.Calls and emails to the hospital were not immediately answered.

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How Remains of Ebola Victim Thomas Eric Duncan Will Be Handled

How Remains of Ebola Victim Thomas Eric Duncan Will Be Handled

iStock/Thinkstock(DALLAS) -- The body of Thomas Eric Duncan,the first person to die of Ebola in the U.S., will be cremated, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Centers said Wednesday.Duncan's body will be enclosed in two bags and the bags will then be disinfected, the hospital said in a statement Wednesday."After that careful preparation, the body will be cremated. CDC guidelines say remains infected with Ebola can be cremated or 'buried promptly in a hermetically sealed casket,'" the statement said.The hospital said that because of the preparations "the body can be transported without the need for protective gear for a driver or others who are near the body but don't handle the remains."According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention documents, only people trained in handling infected human remains and wearing proper safety gear should touch or move any Ebola-infected remains. Handling and transportation should be kept to a minimum and an autopsy should be avoided unless absolutely essential.The body should not be washed or cleaned in any way and should be wrapped in plastic to prevent contamination. Following the removal of the body, the hospital room should be thoroughly disinfected. So long as the body is safely shrouded in plastic, any transport drivers do not need to wear protective gear.Once the body arrives at the mortuary, the agency does not recommend embalming. The shrouded body should be placed directly into a hermetically sealed casket by trained mortuary personnel wearing head-to-toe protective gear. The remains should then be immediately buried or cremated.If Duncan’s body is to be transported back to West Africa, the family will need to comply with the regulations of the country of destination, and will have to be coordinated in advance with U.S. health authorities."Surely the disposal of Mr. Duncan's body will be done with the utmost respect and also with all consideration for public safety," said Dr. William Schaffner, infectious disease expert and chairman of the Department of Preventive Medicine at Vanderbilt University.

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Sexting Linked to Sex in Teens, Study Shows

Sexting Linked to Sex in Teens, Study Shows

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- “Sexting” -- specifically, sending sexually explicit photos -- among teens may also be an indicator that they are more likely to engage in the real thing later, according to a new study.University of Texas researchers embarked on a first-of-its-kind study to survey 1,042 high school students about their text and sex lives over a one-year period.Teens who admitted to sending nude pictures of themselves were 32 percent more likely to report a year later that they had had sexual intercourse when compared to those who said they did not sext, according to the research, published in the Oct. 6 edition of the journal Pediatrics.Researchers controlled for gender, grade-level, age, ethnicity, sexual behavior and dating behavior to try to isolate sexting as the variable as much as possible.“This is probably going to raise some alarm,” said Jeff Temple, lead author of the study and a women’s health researcher at University of Texas Medical Branch Health.For this study, researchers defined “sexting” as sending nude photos only and did not include racy text messages.Risky behavior begets other risky behavior, said Dr. John Walkup, a leading child psychiatrist at Weill Cornell Medical College who was not involved in the study.“The big risks areas are premature sexual activity and premature drug and alcohol use,” Walkup said, referring to concerns about high school students in general.However, sending a sext was not necessarily associated with risky sexual behavior, such as unprotected sex or multiple sexual partners, according to the study.The study also found that peer pressure can play a role in sexting. Teens who asked for nude photos -- or had photos requested of them -- were more likely to send those photos.Though sexting may be scary for parents to think about, Temple pointed out that it is an opportunity for parents to talk with their children.“If you discover your child is sexting, you can talk to them about safe sexual practices,” he said.Still, Walkup said there’s more to good parenting than monitoring text messages.“Don’t focus on one behavior. If you’re doing that, you’re behind,” he said. “Take a big picture approach and look and at your child as a whole.  It all starts at home.”

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Map Claims to Show When People Go to Sleep

Map Claims to Show When People Go to Sleep

Erik Snyder/Photodisc/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Whether it's because of sports broadcast schedules or circadian rhythms, people in the western United States seem to hit the sack earlier than people in the East.Tech-device maker Jawbone released sleep map graphics that it says show what time people go to sleep, by county, and how long they sleep.Brooklyn, or Kings County, stays up the latest -- until 12:07 a.m. -- and the earliest to bed are Hawaiian Islands Maui and Kauai at 10:31 p.m. and 10:33 p.m., respectively, Jawbone said.

[ CLICK HERE TO SEE THE SLEEP MAP GRAPHICS ]

People who live in cities don't get as much sleep as those in suburban and rural counties, Jawbone said."No major city in the United States averages above the [National Institutes of Health]-recommended seven hours of sleep per night," according to the San Francisco company's blog.The nonscientific survey was based on over one million people wearing Jawbone's health and activity tracker UP. Jawbone said it blended less-populous counties with neighboring counties "to generate significant results.""This technique revealed patterns at finer granularity than the state level, such as time zone boundaries. All data is anonymized and presented in aggregate," Jawbone said on its blog.Jawbone did not respond to a request for comment.

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Ex-Ebola Patient Donates Blood to Fight Virus in Ashoka Mukpo

Ex-Ebola Patient Donates Blood to Fight Virus in Ashoka Mukpo

iStock/Thinkstock(OMAHA, Neb.) -- The first American flown back from Africa to battle the Ebola virus on U.S. soil has donated blood to help a U.S. journalist fight Ebola at a Nebraska hospital.The technique of treating Ebola with blood transfusions from recovered patients is experimental. In theory, the plasma fraction of the blood contains antibodies, protective factors and, in Ebola survivors, likely would contain protective factors against Ebola.The photojournalist, Ashoka Mukpo, who had been working as a freelance cameraman in Liberia, already is receiving the same experimental treatment as the Liberian patient who was diagnosed with the disease in Texas.Both Mukpo and Thomas Eric Duncan, a Liberian man visiting family in America, are being treated with brincidofovir.

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Sudden Noise Can Lead to Knee Damage

Sudden Noise Can Lead to Knee Damage

iStock/Thinkstock(NEWARK, Del.) -- Sticks and stones may break your bones and loud noises can hurt your knees. Or rather, reacting to sudden noises such as a siren or a car horn might result in a loss of balance that spurs sprains and tears to the knee’s anterior cruciate ligament.While nobody wants to feel like a klutz, even well-conditioned athletes are sometimes startled by loud or shrill sounds, causing muscle stiffness that boosts the risk of an ACL injury.Researchers put 36 students from the University of Delaware into a special motorized chair where they were instructed to keep from bending the knee of their dominant leg in a series of trials involving high-pitched beeps.Nevertheless, the beeps induced a startle response whereby the knee muscle suddenly stiffened and just as quickly subsided, which the researchers say makes it ripe for injury because of abnormal stresses on the joint needed for proper knee function.

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As 20th Century Culture Changed, Risk of Skin Cancer Grew

As 20th Century Culture Changed, Risk of Skin Cancer Grew

Wavebreak Media/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The incidence of melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, has not just grown substantially over the past decade but really since the middle of the 20th century, according to a NYU study.Dr. David Polsky set out to chart the rise of skin cancer since the turn of the previous century, which is attributed to a greater desire for tans and other changes in the culture of the U.S.For instance, Americans at the beginning of the 1900s actually worshiped pale skin because of racial stereotypes and the perception that only lower-class people toiled outside.However, with health experts touting the benefits of Vitamin D to treat tuberculosis and rickets, people began spending more time in the sun and subsequently exposing more of their skin to UV rays.With Americans also clamoring for a tan, doctors saw melanoma cases skyrocket 300 percent for men and 400 percent for women from the 1930s until the 1960s.Even with people far more aware about the dangers of skin cancer, melanomas increased during the previous decade as tanning beds became the rage, particularly among the young.

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Boss, Won’t Be in Today…Check My Selfie

Boss, Won’t Be in Today…Check My Selfie

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- During the golden days of calling in sick to work, employees might feign sounding miserable over the phone in hopes that the boss might buy their excuse.However, in this new age of instant visual communication, some people aren’t above posting a photo of their sick selves with the Twitter hashtag #sickieselfie.The coupon site vouchercloud conducted a survey of 2,300 people ages 18 to 45 and discovered about half actually uploaded a selfie of themselves pretending to be under the weather with 41 percent of the snapshots taken at home.Of course, calling in sick isn’t the only reason why folks post sick selfies. Fifteen percent said they did it to win sympathy from friends and loved ones while nine percent claim it was purely for the attention.

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Life Expectancy in US Reaches Record High

Life Expectancy in US Reaches Record High

efesan/iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The U.S. Department of Human and Health Services released data from 2012 that shows that Americans life expectancy has reached a record high -- 78.8 years, on average.According to the study, conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, overall mortality rates for all demographic groups dropped between 2011 and 2012. Women, the study found, continue to outlive men -- on average -- by 4.8 years, the same margin as in 2011. Also unchanged from the previous study were the top ten causes of death in the U.S., though eight of the ten saw decreases in occurrence. Those eight include heart disease, cancer, chronic lung disease, stroke, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, flu/pneumonia, and kidney disease. The only one of the ten most frequent causes of death to increase from 2011 to 2012 was suicide.The NCHS also said that infant mortality decreased in 2012, partially sparked by a 13 percent drop in death from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.

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US Restaurant Chains Offering New, Less Caloric Menu Items

US Restaurant Chains Offering New, Less Caloric Menu Items

shalamov/iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- A new study found that newly introduced menu items at many U.S. restaurant chains are less caloric than older items.According to the study, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers from Johns Hopkins University's Bloomberg School of Public Health found that large chain restaurants -- selected from the top 100 largest chains in America -- introduced newer food and beverage options containing 60 fewer calories than previously available options. The overall average caloric content of menu items did not change, the researchers said, but the newer items contained 12 percent fewer calories than older options. Among the highest calorie decreases were children's items (20 percent), main course items (10 percent), and beverages (eight percent).Notably, in restaurants that have a "primary food focus," the larger caloric drops were seen in menu items not at the business' core.

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Researchers Say MRI May Lead to Early Diagnosis of Cognitive Impairment

Researchers Say MRI May Lead to Early Diagnosis of Cognitive Impairment Follow @ABCNewsRadio Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio

Ebola Patient’s Pet Dog to Be Euthanized as Precaution

Ebola Patient’s Pet Dog to Be Euthanized as Precaution

iStock/Thinkstock(MADRID) -- Spanish health authorities reacted forcefully Tuesday after a nurse's aide was found to have contracted Ebola, putting her in an isolation unit, quarantining her husband and two other people, and getting a court order to euthanize her dog.The case marked the first time the disease has been contracted outside of West Africa and has alarmed health workers throughout Europe.The European Union has demanded an explanation from Spain as to how the health worker could have become infected.

“Tomorrow morning, we will have an audio conference call of EU's Health Security Committee," said Frederic Vincent, a spokesman for European Health Commission, on Tuesday. “We will all listen very carefully to what the Spanish officials have to tell us on why was the hospital not ready for Ebola patients.”

The response by Madrid raised the specter that pets could spread the disease. Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said in a news conference Tuesday, "We have not identified this as means of transmission," but declined to comment on the actions by Madrid officials.Texas health commissioner David Lakey, who has said they are monitoring about 50 people who had contact with the Ebola patient in Dallas, said, "We are not monitoring any animals at this time."

The 44-year-old Spanish patient, who has not been publicly identified, worked as the equivalent of a nurse's aide at Madrid’s Carlos III hospital. She was part of a team that treated two Ebola patients who were repatriated from West Africa after contracting the disease.The medical team treated a missionary, Miguel Pajares, 75, who was repatriated home from Liberia in August and died five days later. The same team took care of Mario Garcia Viejo, 69, a Spanish missionary who got infected in Sierra Leone and was flown to Madrid for treatment four days before he died on Sept. 25.The woman had contact with Viejo twice: Once when he was still alive and she had to change his diapers, and a second time after he died and she had to take out his sheets, clothing and bodily wastes, public health official said.She went on holiday after Viejo's death, although officials insist she never left Madrid.Officials said the woman wasn't feeling well for a week before she was admitted to the isolation unit. El Mundo daily reported that it was the nurse who asked repeatedly to be tested for Ebola, before it was done on Monday.Since her disease was diagnosed, her husband, who has no sign of disease, and two more people, including a colleague who treated Viejo, are being monitored in the hospital in a bid to try to stop the spread of the deadly virus.In addition, health authorities said they are monitoring more than 50 possible contacts of the nurse's aide.The team has a strict safety protocol in place, which includes double impregnated gowns, gloves, masks and protective eye glasses, according to health officials.“We are investigating how she got contaminated and if protocols were respected,” said Rosa Serrano, an official with Spanish health ministry.Staff at the hospital told El Pais daily that the protective gowns they were using did not meet World Health Organization criteria, which require them to be impermeable and have a breathing equipment. Staff also complained about low quality latex gloves.Spain was the first European country to repatriate home infected patients for treatment. Some health professionals said that Spanish hospitals were not well equipped to handle Ebola patients.

“For instance, in the U.S. there are 10 hospitals with level 4 isolation and here only Carlos III with level 2 and level 3,” said Pedro Martinez of AMYTS, the union representing doctors.Despite the situation in Spain, European Health Commission thinks that a European Ebola epidemic "is very unlikely, and that in some way it could be a lesson for other member states," Vincent said.

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Mother of Enterovirus Victim’s Classmate Speaks Out

Mother of Enterovirus Victim’s Classmate Speaks Out

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Every night as Tabatha Vassey puts her son to bed, she said she wonders whether he’ll wake up in the morning.His classmate was Eli Waller, the 4-year-old boy who died in his sleep two weeks ago of enterovirus 68 even though he had no symptoms when he went to bed, according to health officials."I was scared to put my son to bed that night knowing that this could have happened to him too," Vassey told ABC News' Philadelphia station WPVI. "So it's been actually really stressful."Though her son and Eli had class at different times, they were best friends, Vassey told ABC News Tuesday. And her son is still fighting off what might be enterovirus 68, prompting her to check on him every few hours throughout the night."My son is still saying, 'When I get better, I'm going back to see Eli. We're going to have a party. We're going to play on the jungle gym,'" she said. "I'm sitting here trying to tell him he's not going to come back...in a kid way he's going to understand."On Friday, Sept. 19, Vassey's son, who she asked ABC News not to name, developed a cold. Two days later, he began wheezing and became lethargic, she said."He sounded like a freight train," Vassey said. "It was that bad."She took him to the emergency room to discover that his oxygen levels were dangerously low, she said. He spent four days in intensive care. Her son was still in the hospital when Eli died, she said.Enterovirus 68, which has been confirmed in 43 states and suspected in three others, starts off like the common cold for most children but can quickly turn serious in some cases and cause children to develop wheezing.Last week, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed that Eli was infected with enterovirus 68, and the county medical examiner ruled that his death was directly caused by the virus. At least four other patients who tested positive for the enterovirus 68 have died, and CDC and local medical officials are investigating whether the virus played a role in their deaths.Vassey said her son has been tested for enterovirus 68, but she is still awaiting the results, which she expects later this week.Even though her son hasn't been to school since Sept. 19, she said she's received angry messages blaming him for Eli's death. And though her son is no longer in the hospital, she said his wheezing still hasn't improved and his congestion has returned."It is very scary when you can hear it from across the room," Vassey said, adding that her child has no history of asthma.Though frightening, health officials stressed that Eli's case was rare."I think Eli's case is the exception to the other cases around the country," said Jeffrey Plunkett, the Hamilton, New Jersey, health officer. "He had no signs of any illness that night, and his passing was sudden and shocking."Health officials in seven other states have also reported symptoms of paralysis in more than two dozen children with enterovirus 68, but they’re still investigating how it may be related to the virus.

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Michael J. Fox Foundation Sues Facility for Destroying Parkinson’s Research

Michael J. Fox Foundation Sues Facility for Destroying Parkinson’s Research

Andrew H. Walker/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- The Michael J. Fox Foundation has filed a lawsuit against a Parkinson's disease research lab, according to Gossip Cop.

The foundation claims Coriell Institute for Medical Research left a freezer door open in April, destroying tens of thousands of critical samples. The mishap exposed more than 25,000 bio-specimens to the elements, allegedly costing more than $3 million.The actor and his organization claim the 5-year, $45 million research project they were conducting is now seriously compromised. The foundation is suing the New Jersey facility for breach of contract, negligence, and is seeking unspecified damages.Fox, 53, was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease in 1992. He started the Michael J. Fox Foundation in 2000 and has since invested more than $350 million in Parkinson's research.

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NC Company Announces Planned Trial on New Experimental Ebola Drug

NC Company Announces Planned Trial on New Experimental Ebola Drug

AlexRaths/iStockphoto/Thinkstock(DURHAM, N.C.) -- Chimerix, Inc. announced on Monday that it had provided the drug brincidofovir for potential use in patients with Ebola. The drug was granted Emergency Investigational New drug Applications by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the North Carolina-based company said. "Chimerix is committed to working with global health organizations and government agencies in the fight against the Ebola virus outbreak," M. Michelle Berrey, president and CEO of Chimerix said in a statement.Chimerix says it is working with the FDA to, "finalize a clinical trial protocol this week to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of brincidofovir" in patients confirmed to have Ebola.

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Help Your Kids Fight Flu with Soap and Water

Help Your Kids Fight Flu with Soap and Water

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- With more than 500 confirmed cases of Enterovirus D68 and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention projecting that up to 20,000 kids will come down with the common flu this season, parents are looking for ways to keep their kids healthy.Clean hands are the first line of defense against just about any seasonal illness, according to the CDC. About 80 percent of infectious diseases are transmitted by touch, the agency estimates.

Join the ABC News Health Tweet Chat on Flu and Enterovirus Today at 1 p.m., ET

Read on for some fun ways to get your child to reach for the soap.

The right way to washFirst things first: Proper hand washing technique means wetting the hands, lathering up and then scrubbing for at least 20 seconds making sure to get the backs of the hands and in between the fingers, said Dr. Mark Schuster, chief of pediatrics at Boston Children’s Hospital. Rinse thoroughly and dry the hands completely with a towel, paper towel or air dryer.If you don’t have soap, hand sanitizer is better than nothing but it doesn’t really catch everything, Shuster added.Sing a songHow long is 20 seconds? “Teach them to sing a song,” said Dr. Erica Brody, pediatrician at the Kravis Children’s Hospital at Mount Sinai. "Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star," the "Alphabet Song" or "Happy Birthday" twice through is just about the right amount of hand washing time.Everything is a game to children. Hand washing is no different, Brody said.“You can make up a Simon Says game with it,” Brody suggested. “Simon says ‘I just went to the bathroom,’ and they go to wash their hands.”Add some sparklePlace some glitter on the child’s hands to represent the bugs that spread illness. The glitter will get all over everything they touch and some will remain on their hands and face if they don’t scrub well enough, showing them how easily dirty mitts spread around the yucky stuff.Make a chartTrack hand washing on a chart, giving your child a gold star or smiley sticker every time they soap up, Brody suggested. You can make different categories for hand washing such as right before eating, right after going to the bathroom, or right after coughing or sneezing.Be a role model“Kids should see the parents washing their hands too,” Schuster said. “It doesn’t work well if the parents don’t do the same thing.”Role modeling works in reverse too. Washing their hands at school means kids are more likely to wash up at home, Schuster said. This means parents are also more apt to wash their hands when their kids come home.

To learn more about how to prevent flu and enterovirus, join the ABC Health tweet chat Tuesday at 1 p.m., ET. The chat will be moderated by Dr. Richard Besser, ABC News chief health and medical editor. The CDC, National Foundation for Infectious Diseases as well as representatives of many top hospitals, doctors and experts will be on hand to answer questions and offer advice.Joining the chat is simple. Here’s how.Follow @ABCNewsRadio Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio

Your Extraordinary Experience May Be Special Only to You

Your Extraordinary Experience May Be Special Only to You

iStock/Thinkstock(BOSTON) -- Who wouldn't want to brag about a making a trip around the world to visit all kinds of exotic locations?Yet, Harvard University psychologist Gus Cooney says be careful about sharing certain stories because they might turn you into a social pariah.So-called "extraordinary experiencers" who enjoy journeys or other experiences from the norm may actually alienate their friends when boasting about adventures if their acquaintances haven't done the same, according to Cooney.He conducted a series of studies in which people believed that "extraordinary experiencers" are happier than everyone else when they're the center of attention.But just the opposite happens, says Cooney, since "social interaction is grounded in similarities." In other words, if people can't relate to what you're talking about, they'll shut you out.Cooney isn't telling people not be adventurous, rather, just be mindful of your audience.

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Medicines Leading Cause of Allergic Fatalities

Medicines Leading Cause of Allergic Fatalities

Fuse/Thinkstock(HYATTSVILLE, Md.) -- When people find out that someone has died from an allergic reaction, the first thought is often that it was due to food or an insect bite.However, the truth is that almost 60 percent of deaths from anaphylaxis, a life-threatening type of allergic reaction, are from medicines, according to a report in The New York Times.Researchers made this discovery after looking at a total of 2,458 cases of fatal anaphylaxis from 1999 through 2010 as compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics.Furthermore, in cases where the medicine could be identified, half the time it was antibiotics that resulted in death.  Another major culprit: drugs used use in imaging studies known as radiocontrast agents.Meanwhile, allergic reactions to food were responsible for about 15 percent of deaths while insect bites accounted for 6.7 percent of fatalities.It was also learned that older Americans are most susceptible to fatal anaphylaxis and that African-Americans are at greater risk of dying from allergic reactions to medicines and food.Follow @ABCNewsRadio Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio

Study: Genes Linked to Slightly Increased Intake of Coffee

Study: Genes Linked to Slightly Increased Intake of Coffee

TongRo Images/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- A new study indicated that six genes in humans could be associated with increased coffee intake.Previous research had found two human genes that impacted the metabolism of coffee, and the new study, published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, identified six more. Researchers say that not only do these genes impact the way coffee is processed in the body, but they may also make genetic carriers more attracted to the prospect of drinking coffee.Researchers did note, however, that those with these genes may drink 0.03 to 0.14 more cups of coffee per day -- meaning the impact of these genes on coffee intake is small.Some of the genes researchers say are associated with coffee intake have previously been linked in some way to smoking, obesity, blood pressure, diabetes, lipid profiles, and liver enzyme profiles. None of those factors, however, were linked to coffee intake in the study.

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Sexting Often Precedes Sexual Activity in Teens, Researchers Say

Sexting Often Precedes Sexual Activity in Teens, Researchers Say

ponsulak/iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Researchers surveyed over 1,000 students in Houston, Texas, and found that teens who engaged in "sexting" were 1.32 times more likely to be sexually active one year later.Previous research has indicated that at least 15 percent of adolescents sext -- sending sexually explicit pictures or messages electronically using a smart phone. The survey of Houston students involved two questionaires one year apart. The first questionnaire aimed to determine whether they had sent, received, or requested a sext message. The second questionnaire asked whether they had engaged in sexual activity.Sexting, researchers say, may be a gateway to sexual activity. However, sexting was not linked to risky behaviors -- such as unsafe sex or drug use or alcohol use before sex.Further study is needed to determine whether those students who said they had taken part in sexting in the first questionnaire were more interested in sex, resulting in naturally higher numbers of individuals who had engaged in sexual activity one year later.

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